# Book:Geoffrey Grimmett/Probability and Random Processes/Third Edition

## Geoffrey Grimmett and David Stirzaker: Probability and Random Processes (3rd Edition)

Published $\text {2001}$, Oxford University Press

ISBN 978-0198572220

### Contents

1 Events and their probabilities
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Events as sets
1.3 Probability
1.4 Conditional probability
1.5 Independence
1.6 Completeness and product spaces
1.7 Worked examples
1.8 Problems
2 Random variables and their distributions
2.1 Random variables
2.2 The law of averages
2.3 Discrete and continuous variables
2.4 Worked examples
2.5 Random vectors
2.6 Monte Carlo simulation
2.7 Problems
3 Discrete random variables
3.1 Probability mass functions
3.2 Independence
3.3 Expectation
3.4 Indicators and matching
3.5 Examples of discrete variables
3.6 Dependence
3.7 Conditional distributions and conditional expectation
3.8 Sums of random variables
3.9 Simple random walk
3.10 Random walk: counting sample paths
3.11 Problems
4 Continuous random variables
4.1 Probability density functions
4.2 Independence
4.3 Expectation
4.4 Examples of continuous variables
4.5 Dependence
4.6 Conditional distributions and conditional expectation
4.7 Functions of random variables
4.8 Sums of random variables
4.9 Multivariate normal distribution
4.10 Distributions arising from the normal distribution
4.11 Sampling from a distribution
4.12 Coupling and Poisson approximation
4.13 Geometrical probability
4.14 Problems
5 Generating functions and their applications
5.1 Generating functions
5.2 Some applications
5.3 Random walk
5.4 Branching processes
5.5 Age-dependent branching processes
5.6 Expectation revised
5.7 Characteristic functions
5.8 Examples of characteristic functions
5.9 Inversion and continuity theorems
5.10 Two limit theorems
5.11 Large deviations
5.12 Problems
6 Markov chains
6.1 Markov processes
6.2 Classification of states
6.3 Classification of chains
6.4 Stationary distributions and the limit theorem
6.5 Reversibility
6.6 Chains with finitely many states
6.7 Branching processes revisited
6.8 Birth processes and the Poisson process
6.9 Continuous-time Markov chains
6.10 Uniform semigroups
6.11 Birth-death processes and imbedding
6.12 Special processes
6.13 Spatial Poisson processes
6.14 Markov chain Monte Carlo
6.15 Problems
7 Convergence of random variables
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Modes of convergence
7.3 Some ancillary results
7.4 Laws of large numbers
7.5 The strong law
7.6 The law of the iterated logarithm
7.7 Martingales
7.8 Martingale convergence theorem
7.9 Prediction and conditional expectation
7.10 Uniform integrability
7.11 Problems
8 Random processes
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Stationary processes
8.3 Renewal processes
8.4 Queues
8.5 The Wiener process
8.6 Existence of processes
8.7 Problems
9 Stationary processes
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Linear prediction
9.3 Autocovariances and spectra
9.4 Stochastic integration and the spectral representation
9.5 The ergodic theorem
9.6 Gaussian processes
9.7 Problems
10 Renewals
10.1 The renewal equation
10.2 Limit theorems
10.3 Excess life
10.4 Applications
10.5 Renewal-reward processes
10.6 Problems
11 Queues
11.1 Single-server queues
11.2 M/M/1
11.3 M/G/1
11.4 G/M/1
11.5 G/G/1
11.6 Heavy traffic
11.7 Networks of queues
11.8 Problems
12 Martingales
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Martingale differences and Hoeffding's inequality
12.3 Crossings and convergence
12.4 Stopping times
12.5 Optional stopping
12.6 The maximal inequality
12.7 Backward martingales and continuous-time martingales
12.8 Some examples
12.9 Problems
13 Diffusion processes
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Brownian motion
13.3 Diffusion processes
13.4 First passage times
13.5 Barriers
13.6 Excursions and the Brownian bridge
13.7 Stochastic calculus
13.8 The Itô integral
13.9 Itô's formula
13.10 Option pricing
13.11 Passage probabilities and potentials
13.12 Problems
Appendix I. Foundations and notation