Composite of Continuous Mappings at Point between Metric Spaces is Continuous at Point

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Let $M_1 = \struct {X_1, d_1}, M_2 = \struct {X_2, d_2}, M_3 = \struct {X_3, d_3}$ be metric spaces.

Let $f: M_1 \to M_2$ be continuous at $a \in X_1$.

Let $g: M_2 \to M_3$ be continuous at $\map f a \in X_2$.

Then their composite $g \circ f: M_1 \to M_3$ is continuous at $a \in X_1$.


Let $\epsilon \in \R_{>0}$.

The strategy is to find a $\delta \in \R_{>0}$ such that:

$\map {d_1} {x, a} < \delta \implies \map {d_3} {\map g {\map f x}, \map g {\map f a} } < \epsilon$

As $g$ is continuous at $\map f a$:

$\exists \eta \in \R_{>0}: \forall y \in X_2: \map {d_2} {y, \map f a} < \eta \implies \map {d_3} {\map g y, \map g {\map f a} } < \epsilon$

As $f$ is continuous at $a$:

$\forall \eta \in \R_{>0}: \exists \delta \in \R_{>0}: \forall x \in X_1: \map {d_1} {x, a} < \delta \implies \map {d_2} {\map f x, \map f a} < \eta$


$\map {d_3} {\map g {\map f x}, \map g {\map f a} } < \epsilon$