# Continued Fraction Expansion of Irrational Square Root/Examples/8

## Example of Continued Fraction Expansion of Irrational Square Root

The continued fraction expansion of the square root of $8$ is given by:

$\sqrt 8 = \sqbrk {2, \sequence {1, 4} }$

### Convergents

The sequence of convergents to the continued fraction expansion of the square root of $8$ begins:

$\dfrac 2 1, \dfrac 3 1, \dfrac {14} 5, \dfrac {17} 6, \dfrac {82} {29}, \dfrac {99} {35}, \dfrac {478} {169}, \dfrac {577} {204}, \dfrac {2786} {985}, \dfrac {3363} {1189}, \ldots$

## Proof

Let $\sqrt 8 = \sqbrk {a_0, a_1, a_2, a_3, \ldots}$

From Partial Quotients of Continued Fraction Expansion of Irrational Square Root, the partial quotients of this continued fraction expansion can be calculated as:

$a_r = \floor {\dfrac {\floor {\sqrt 8} + P_r} {Q_r} }$

where:

$P_r = \begin {cases} 0 & : r = 0 \\ a_{r - 1} Q_{r - 1} - P_{r - 1} & : r > 0 \\ \end {cases}$

$Q_r = \begin {cases} 1 & : r = 0 \\ \dfrac {n - {P_r}^2} {Q_{r - 1} } & : r > 0 \\ \end {cases}$

$r$ $P_r = a_{r - 1} Q_{r - 1} - P_{r - 1}$ $Q_r = \dfrac {n - {P_r}^2} {Q_{r - 1} }$ $a_r = \floor {\dfrac {\floor {\sqrt { 8 } } + P_r} {Q_r} }$
$0$ $0$ $1$ $\floor {\dfrac {\floor {\sqrt { 8 } } + 0} 1} = 2$
$1$ $2 \times 1 - 0 = 2$ $\dfrac { 8 - 2^2} { 1 } = 4$ $\floor {\dfrac {\floor {\sqrt { 8 } }\ + 2 } { 4 } } = 1$
$2$ $1 \times 4 - 2 = 2$ $\dfrac { 8 - 2^2} { 4 } = 1$ $\floor {\dfrac {\floor {\sqrt { 8 } }\ + 2 } { 1 } } = 4$
$3$ $4 \times 1 - 2 = 2$ $\dfrac { 8 - 2^2} { 1 } = 4$ $\floor {\dfrac {\floor {\sqrt { 8 } }\ + 2 } { 4 } } = 1$

and the cycle is complete:

$\sequence {1, 4}$

$\blacksquare$