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The word arithmetic, when used as a noun, is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable: a-rith-me-tic.
Its adjectival form, on the other hand, places the stress on the first and third syllables: a-rith-met-ic.
To avoid confusion between the noun and adjective, the adjectival form arithmetical is often used, being pronounced a-rith-met-ic-al.
- 1989: Ephraim J. Borowski and Jonathan M. Borwein: Dictionary of Mathematics ... (previous) ... (next): arithmetic or arithmetical