Definition:Chain Complex

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Let $\AA$ be an abelian category.

A chain complex in $\AA$ is a family of objects $\family {C_i}_{i \mathop \in \Z}$ of $\AA$ and a family of morphisms $\family {d_i : C_i \to C_{i - 1} }_{i \mathop \in \Z}$, such that for all $i \in \Z$, the composition $d_{i - 1} \circ d_i$ is the zero morphism $0 : C_i \to C_{i - 2}$.


A chain complex can be visualized as a diagram:

$\cdots \longrightarrow C_{i + 1} \stackrel {d_{i + 1} } \longrightarrow C_i \stackrel {d_i} \longrightarrow C_{i - 1} \stackrel {d_{i - 1} } \longrightarrow C_{i - 2} \longrightarrow \cdots$

Also see