Definition:Curvilinear Coordinate System/Complex Plane

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Let $u + i v = \map f {x + i y}$ be a complex transformation.

Let $P = \tuple {x, y}$ be a point in the complex plane.

Then $\tuple {\map u {x, y}, \map v {x, y} }$ are the curvilinear coordinates of $P$ under $f$.

Coordinate Curves

Let $c_1$ and $c_2$ be constants.

The curves:

$\map u {x, y} = c_1$
$\map v {x, y} = c_2$

are the coordinate curves of $f$.

Historical Note

Curvilinear coordinates were first introduced by Carl Friedrich Gauss in his $1827$ work Disquisitiones Generales circa Superficies Curvas.

This was as a result of his commission to perform a geodetic survey of the Kingdom of Hanover from around $1820$ onwards.