Definition:Finite Complement Topology

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Let $S$ be a set whose cardinality is usually specified as being infinite.

Let $\tau$ be the set of subsets of $S$ defined as:

$H \in \tau \iff \relcomp S H \text { is finite, or } H = \O$

where $\relcomp S H$ denotes the complement of $H$ relative to $S$.

Then $\tau$ is the finite complement topology on $S$, and the topological space $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ is a finite complement space.

On a Finite Space

It is possible to define the finite complement topology on a finite set $S$, but as every subset of a finite set has a finite complement, it is clear that this is trivially equal to the discrete space.

This is why the finite complement topology is usually understood to apply to infinite sets only.

On a Countable Space

Let $S$ be countably infinite.

Then $\tau$ is a finite complement topology on a countable space, and $\struct {S, \tau}$ is a countable finite complement space.

On an Uncountable Space

Let $S$ be uncountable.

Then $\tau$ is a finite complement topology on an uncountable space, and $\struct {S, \tau}$ is a uncountable finite complement space.

Also known as

The finite complement topology is also called the cofinite topology.

Some sources are more explicit about the nature of this topology, and call it the topology of finite complements.

The finite complement topology can also be referred to as the minimal $T_1$ topology (on a given set).

This is justified by Finite Complement Topology is Minimal $T_1$ Topology.

This topology is also given by some sources as the Zariski topology, for Oscar Zariski.

However, this is not recommended as there is another so named Zariski topology which is unrelated to this one.

Also see

  • Results about finite complement topologies can be found here.