# Equivalence of Definitions of Strict Well-Ordering

## Theorem

The following definitions of the concept of **Strict Well-Ordering** are equivalent:

### Definition 1

Let $\struct {S, \prec}$ be a relational structure such that $\prec$ is a strict total ordering.

Then $\prec$ is a **strict well-ordering** on $S$ if and only if $\prec$ is a strictly well-founded relation on $S$.

### Definition 2

Let $\struct {S, \prec}$ be a relational structure.

Then $\prec$ is a **strict well-ordering** of $S$ if and only if:

- $\prec$ is a connected relation on $S$
- $\prec$ is strictly well-founded on $S$.

## Proof

Let $A$ be a class.

Let $B$ be a non-empty subset of $A$.

Let $\prec$ be a relation on $A$.

### Definition 1 implies Definition 2

Suppose that $\prec$ is a strictly well-founded strict total ordering of $A$.

By the definition of strict total ordering, $\prec$ connects $A$.

$\Box$

### Definition 2 implies Definition 1

Suppose that $\prec$ connects $A$ and that $\prec$ is a strictly well-founded relation.

That is:

- for any $x, y \in A$, either $x = y$, $x \prec y$, or $y \prec x$
- whenever $T$ is a non-empty subset of $A$, $T$ has a strictly minimal element under $\prec$ .

$\prec$ is transitive:

Let $x, y, z \in A$.

Let $x \prec y$ and $y \prec z$.

Since $\prec$ connects $A$, either $x \prec z$ or $z \prec x$.

By Strictly Well-Founded Relation has no Relational Loops it is not the case that $x \prec y$, $y \prec z$ and $z \prec x$.

Thus we conclude that $x \prec z$.

As this holds for all such $x, y, z$, $\prec$ is transitive.

$\prec$ is antireflexive by Strictly Well-Founded Relation is Antireflexive.

Thus $\prec$ is a strict total ordering.

$\blacksquare$