Euclidean Space is Complete Metric Space

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Let $m$ be a positive integer.

Then the Euclidean space $\R^m$, along with the Euclidean metric, forms a complete metric space.


Let $\sequence {\tuple {x_{n, 1}, x_{n, 2}, \ldots, x_{n, m} } }_{n \mathop \in \N} $ be a Cauchy sequence in $\R^m$.

Let $\epsilon > 0$.

Then $\dfrac \epsilon m > 0$.

We have that Real Number Line is Complete Metric Space.


$\exists y_1, y_2, \ldots, y_m \in \R$ and $N_1, N_2, \ldots, N_m \in \N$ (depending on $\epsilon$)

such that:

$\forall k \in \N: 1 \le k \le m: \forall n_k > N_k: \sequence {x_{n, k} – y_k} < \dfrac \epsilon m$

From Euclidean Space is Normed Vector Space:

$\ds \norm {\tuple {x_{n, 1}, x_{n, 2}, \ldots, x_{n, m} } - \tuple {y_1, y_2, \ldots, y_m} } \le \sum_{k \mathop = 1}^m \size {x_{n, k} – y_k} < \epsilon$

Hence the Euclidean space is a complete metric space.