Euler's Number is Transcendental/Historical Note

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Historical Note on $e$ is Transcendental

The transcendental nature of Euler's number $e$ was conjectured by Joseph Liouville in $1844$, after he had proved that it was not the root of a quadratic equation with integer coefficients.

The proof that $e$ is transcendental was first achieved by Charles Hermite in $1873$.