Finite Order Elements of Infinite Abelian Group form Normal Subgroup

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Let $G$ be an infinite abelian group.

Let $H \subseteq G$ be the subset of $G$ defined as:

$H := \set {x \in G: x \text { is of finite order in } G}$

Then $H$ forms a normal subgroup of $G$.


All the elements of the quotient group $G / H$ are of infinite order except the identity.


Let $e$ be the identity element of $G$.

From Identity is Only Group Element of Order 1, $\order e = 1$ and so $H \ne \O$.

Let $a \in H$.

Then by Order of Group Element equals Order of Inverse:

$\order a = \order {a^{-1} }$

and so $a \in H$.

Let $a, b \in H$.

From Order of Product of Abelian Group Elements Divides LCM of Orders of Elements:

$\order {a b} \divides \lcm \set {\order a, \order b}$


$\order a$ denotes the order of $a$
$\divides$ denotes divisibility
$\lcm$ denotes the lowest common multiple.

Thus $a b$ is also of finite order.

Thus by definition:

$a b \in H$

By the Two-Step Subgroup Test it follows that $H$ is a subgroup of $G$.

By Subgroup of Abelian Group is Normal, $H$ is normal in $G$.