Kernel of Ring Homomorphism is Subring

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Let $\phi: \struct {R_1, +_1, \circ_1} \to \struct {R_2, +_2, \circ_2}$ be a ring homomorphism.

Then the kernel of $\phi$ is a subring of $R_1$.


From Ring Homomorphism of Addition is Group Homomorphism and Kernel of Group Homomorphism is Subgroup:

$\struct {\map \ker \phi, +_1} \le \struct {R_1, +_1}$

where $\le$ denotes subgroup.

Let $x, y \in \map \ker \phi$.

\(\ds \map \phi {x \circ_1 y}\) \(=\) \(\ds \map \phi x \circ_2 \map \phi y\) Morphism Property
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds 0_{R_2} \circ_2 0_{R_2}\) Definition of Kernel
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds 0_{R_2}\)

Thus $x \circ_1 y \in \map \ker \phi$.

Thus the conditions for Subring Test are fulfilled, and $\map \ker \phi$ is a subring of $R_1$.