# Mathematician:Évariste Galois

## Mathematician

French mathematician famous for dying at the age of 20 as the result of a duel.

Despite his total collected works amounting to a mere 60 pages or so, he had a significant influence in the development of the field of group theory. He was in fact the first person to use the word **group** in a technical sense.

His innovative approach to the problem of the insolubility of the quintic led to the field known now as Galois theory.

There has been a lot of old rubbish written about **Galois**, not least the overly-romanticised account of his life as given by Eric Temple Bell in his *Men of Mathematics*.

For a rather more balanced and sober account, see the *Historical Introduction* in Ian Stewart's *Galois Theory, 3rd ed.*.

## Nationality

French

## History

- Born: 25 Oct 1811, Bourg La Reine (near Paris), France
- Died: 31 May 1832, Paris, France

## Theorems and Definitions

Results named for **Évariste Galois** can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for **Évariste Galois** can be found here.

## Publications

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Évariste Galois": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 1937: Eric Temple Bell:
*Men of Mathematics*: Chapter $\text{XX}$ - 1971: Allan Clark:
*Elements of Abstract Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): Introduction - 1989: Ephraim J. Borowski and Jonathan M. Borwein:
*Dictionary of Mathematics*... (previous) ... (next):**Galois, Évariste**(1811-32) - 1996: John F. Humphreys:
*A Course in Group Theory*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $1$: Definitions and Examples: Summary - 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Galois, Évariste**(1811-32) - 2008: David Joyner:
*Adventures in Group Theory*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Where to begin... - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Galois, Évariste**(1811-32) - 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Galois, Évariste**(1811-32)