Mathematician:Christian Goldbach

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Prussian amateur mathematician who also studied law and medicine.

Best known for posing the Goldbach Conjecture, which also appears as Goldbach's Marginal Conjecture, and a similar weaker conjecture known as Goldbach's Weak Conjecture.




  • Born: 18 March 1690, Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia)
  • 1710: Set off on a tour of Europe
  • 1711: Met Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz in Leipzig, started a correspondence
  • 1712: Met Nicolaus I Bernoulli and Abraham de Moivre in London
  • 1721: Met Nicolaus II Bernoulli in Venice
  • 1723: Started a correspondence with Daniel Bernoulli
  • 1724: Back home in Königsberg, met Georg Bernhard Bilfinger and Jakob Hermann
  • 1725: Took up positions of professor of mathematics and historian at St Petersburg Academy
  • 1728: Appointed tutor for Peter II of Russia, moved to Moscow
  • 1729: Began a correspondence with Leonhard Paul Euler
  • 1730: After death of Peter II, continues to serve the new empress Anna Ivanovna
  • 1732: Moved back to St Petersburg with Anna Ivanovna's court
  • 1732: Appointed as corresponding secretary to St Petersburg Academy
  • 1737: Responsible for administration of the St Petersburg Academy with J D Schuhmacher
  • 1740: Appointed to a senior position in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, stopped working for St Petersburg Academy
  • 1760: Became a privy councillor, wrote guidelines for the education of royal children, which became official practice for a century
  • Died: 20 Nov 1764 in Moscow, Russia

Theorems and Definitions

Results named for Christian Goldbach can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for Christian Goldbach can be found here.


  • 1720: Specimen methodi ad summas serierum
  • 1724: Exercitationes (Mathematical Exercises) (with Daniel Bernoulli)
  • 1729: De transformatione serierum
  • 1732: De terminis generalibus serierum