# Mathematician:Stephen William Hawking

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## Mathematician

British mathematician, physicist and cosmologist best known for his works of popular science.

## Nationality

English

## History

- Born: 8 January 1942 in Oxford, England, UK
- Died: 14 March 2018 in Cambridge, England, UK

## Theorems and Definitions

- Hawking Radiation
- Penrose-Hawking Theorems (with Roger Penrose)
- Bekenstein-Hawking Formula (with Jacob David Bekenstein)
- Hawking Energy
- Gibbons-Hawking Ansatz (with Gary William Gibbons)
- Gibbons-Hawking Effect (with Gary William Gibbons)
- Gibbons-Hawking Space (with Gary William Gibbons)
- Gibbons-Hawking-York Boundary Term (with Gary William Gibbons and James W. York)
- Thorne-Hawking-Preskill Bet (with Kip Stephen Thorne and John Phillip Preskill)

## Publications

### Technical

- 1969:
*Singularities in Collapsing Stars and Expanding Universes*(with Dennis Sciama) - 1973:
*The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime*(with George Ellis) - 1996:
*The Nature of Space and Time*(with Roger Penrose) - 1997:
*The Large, the Small, and the Human Mind*(with Abner Shimony, Nancy Cartwright and Roger Penrose) - 2005:
*Information Loss in Black Holes* - 2005:
*Black Holes and the Information Paradox*

### Popular

- 1988:
*A Brief History of Time* - 1993:
*Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays* - 2001:
*The Universe in a Nutshell* - 2002:
*On The Shoulders of Giants* - 2005:
*A Briefer History of Time*(with Leonard Mlodinow) - 2005:
*God Created the Integers* - 2010:
*The Grand Design*(with Leonard Mlodinow)

### Children's fiction

- 2007:
*George's Secret Key to the Universe*(with Lucy Hawking) - 2009:
*George's Cosmic Treasure Hunt*(with Lucy Hawking)

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Stephen William Hawking": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Hawking, Stephen William FRS**(1942- )