# Ordinal is Less than Sum

## Theorem

Let $x$ and $y$ be ordinals.

Then:

$x \le \paren {x + y}$
$x \le \paren {y + x}$

## Proof

By Proof by Cases, one of the following holds by Empty Set is Subset of All Sets:

$\O < y$
$y = \O$
$x = \paren {x + \O} = \paren {\O + x}$
$\O < y \implies x < \paren {x + y}$

But if $y = \O$, then it is clear the inequality $x \le \paren {x + y}$ holds as well.

So in either case:

$x \le \paren {x + y}$

Similarly, by Subset is Right Compatible with Ordinal Addition:

$\O \le y \implies x \le \paren {y + x}$

The fact that $\O \le y$ is clear from Empty Set is Subset of All Sets.

Therefore:

$x \le \paren {y + x}$

$\blacksquare$