Preimage of Intersection under Mapping

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Let $f: S \to T$ be a mapping.

Let $T_1$ and $T_2$ be subsets of $T$.


$f^{-1} \sqbrk {T_1 \cap T_2} = f^{-1} \sqbrk {T_1} \cap f^{-1} \sqbrk {T_2}$

This can be expressed in the language and notation of inverse image mappings as:

$\forall T_1, T_2 \in \powerset T: \map {f^\gets} {T_1 \cap T_2} = \map {f^\gets} {T_1} \cap \map {f^\gets} {T_2}$

General Result

Let $S$ and $T$ be sets.

Let $f: S \to T$ be a mapping.

Let $\powerset T$ be the power set of $T$.

Let $\mathbb T \subseteq \powerset T$.


$\ds f^{-1} \sqbrk {\bigcap \mathbb T} = \bigcap_{X \mathop \in \mathbb T} f^{-1} \sqbrk X$

Family of Sets

Let $S$ and $T$ be sets.

Let $\family {T_i}_{i \mathop \in I}$ be a family of subsets of $T$.

Let $f: S \to T$ be a mapping.


$\ds f^{-1} \sqbrk {\bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} T_i} = \bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} f^{-1} \sqbrk {T_i}$


$\ds \bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} T_i$ denotes the intersection of $\family {T_i}_{i \mathop \in I}$.
$f^{-1} \sqbrk {T_i}$ denotes the preimage of $T_i$ under $f$.


As $f$, being a mapping, is also a many-to-one relation, it follows from Inverse of Many-to-One Relation is One-to-Many that its inverse $f^{-1}$ is a one-to-many relation.

Thus Image of Intersection under One-to-Many Relation applies:

$\RR \sqbrk {T_1 \cap T_2} = \RR \sqbrk {T_1} \cap \RR \sqbrk {T_2}$

where here $\RR = f^{-1}$.


Also see