# Proof by Contradiction/Also known as

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## Proof by Contradiction: Also known as

**Proof by Contradiction** is also known as **not-introduction**, and can be seen abbreviated as $\neg \II$ or $\neg_i$.

However, there are technical reasons why this form of abbreviation are suboptimal on this website, and **PBC** (if abbreviation is needed at all) is to be preferred.

It is also known as **proof of negation**, that is, proof that some (positive!) assumption is not true.

Some sources do not explicitly distinguish between **Proof by Contradiction** and **Reductio ad Absurdum**, which starts with a negative assumption ($\neg \phi$).

Both can be referred to as **indirect proof**, but Reductio ad Absurdum is rejected by the intuitionistic school.