Set is Subset of Intersection of Supersets

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Let $S$, $T_1$ and $T_2$ be sets.

Let $S$ be a subset of both $T_1$ and $T_2$.


$S \subseteq T_1 \cap T_2$

That is:

$\paren {S \subseteq T_1} \land \paren {S \subseteq T_2} \implies S \subseteq \paren {T_1 \cap T_2}$

Set of Sets

Let $T$ be a set.

Let $\mathbb S$ be a set of sets.

Suppose that for each $S \in \mathbb S$, $T \subseteq S$.


$T \subseteq \ds \bigcap \mathbb S$

General Result

Let $\family {S_i}_{i \mathop \in I}$ be a family of sets indexed by $I$.

Let $X$ be a set such that:

$\forall i \in I: X \subseteq S_i$


$\ds X \subseteq \bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} S_i$

where $\ds \bigcap_{i \mathop \in I} S_i$ is the intersection of $\family {S_i}$.

Proof 1

Let $S \subseteq T_1 \land S \subseteq T_2$.


\(\ds x \in S\) \(\leadsto\) \(\ds x \in T_1 \land x \in T_2\) Definition of Subset
\(\ds \) \(\leadsto\) \(\ds x \in T_1 \cap T_2\) Definition of Set Intersection
\(\ds \) \(\leadsto\) \(\ds S \subseteq T_1 \cap T_2\) Definition of Subset

Proof 2

\(\ds S\) \(\subseteq\) \(\ds T_1\)
\(\, \ds \land \, \) \(\ds S\) \(\subseteq\) \(\ds T_2\)
\(\ds \leadsto \ \ \) \(\ds S \cap S\) \(\subseteq\) \(\ds S \cap T_2\) Set Intersection Preserves Subsets
\(\ds \leadsto \ \ \) \(\ds S\) \(\subseteq\) \(\ds T_1 \cap T_2\) Set Intersection is Idempotent


Also see