Subgroup is Subgroup of Normalizer

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Let $G$ be a group.

A subgroup $H \le G$ is a subgroup of its normalizer:

$H \le G \implies H \le \map {N_G} H$


Subset of Normalizer

First we show that $H$ is a subset of $\map {N_G} H$.

This follows directly from Left Coset Equals Subgroup iff Element in Subgroup:

$x \in H \implies x H = H$

As $x \in H \implies x^{-1} \in H$ it also follows that $x \in H \implies H x^{-1} = H$.


$x \in H \implies x H x^{-1} = H^x = H$

and so:

$x \in \map {N_G} H$


$H \subseteq \map {N_G} H$

as we wanted to show.


Subgroup of Normalizer

By hypothesis, $H$ is a subgroup of $G$.

Thus $H$ is itself a group.

So by definition of subgroup:

$(1): \quad H \subseteq \map {N_G} H$
$(2): \quad $ is a group

it follows that $H$ is a subgroup of $\map {N_G} H$.