# Symbols:P

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### pico-

$\mathrm p$

The Système Internationale d'Unités symbol for the metric scaling prefix pico, denoting $10^{\, -12 }$, is $\mathrm { p }$.

Its $\LaTeX$ code is \mathrm {p} .

### peta-

$\mathrm P$

The Système Internationale d'Unités symbol for the metric scaling prefix peta, denoting $10^{\, 15 }$, is $\mathrm { P }$.

Its $\LaTeX$ code is \mathrm {P} .

### Prime Number

$p$

Used to denote a general prime number.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $p$ is p .

### Probability

$p$

Used to denote a general probability.

As such, $p$ is a real number such that:

$0 \le p \le 1$

The $\LaTeX$ code for $p$ is p .

### Proposition

$p$ or $P$

Used to denote a general proposition in the context of propositional logic.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $p$ is p .

The $\LaTeX$ code for $P$ is P .

### Pressure

$p$ or $P$

Used in applied mathematics to denote pressure when used as an independent variable.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $p$ is p .

The $\LaTeX$ code for $P$ is P .

### Polynomial Time Problem

$P$

Used to denote a general polynomial time problem.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $P$ is P .

### Power Set

$\powerset S$ is the power set of the set $S$.

It is defined as:

$\powerset S = \set {T: T \subseteq S}$

$\map {\mathfrak P} S$ is an alternative notation, but the fraktur font, of which $\mathfrak P$ is an example, is falling out of use, probably as a result of its difficulty in being both read and written.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $\powerset S$ is \powerset S .

The $\LaTeX$ code for $\map {\mathfrak P} S$ is \map {\mathfrak P} S .

### Poisson Distribution

$X \sim \Poisson \lambda$

or

$X \sim \map {\mathrm {Pois} } \lambda$

$X$ has the Poisson distribution with parameter $\lambda$.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $X \sim \Poisson \lambda$ is X \sim \Poisson \lambda .

The $\LaTeX$ code for $X \sim \map {\mathrm {Pois} } \lambda$ is X \sim \map {\mathrm {Pois} } \lambda .

### Probability Measure

$\Pr$

Let $\EE$ be an experiment.

Let $\EE$ be defined as a measure space $\struct {\Omega, \Sigma, \Pr}$.

Then $\Pr$ is a measure on $\EE$ such that $\map \Pr \Omega = 1$.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $\Pr$ is \Pr .

### Probability Mass Function

$\map {p_X} x$

Let $\struct {\Omega, \Sigma, \Pr}$ be a probability space.

Let $X: \Omega \to \R$ be a discrete random variable on $\struct {\Omega, \Sigma, \Pr}$.

Then the (probability) mass function of $X$ is the (real-valued) function $p_X: \R \to \closedint 0 1$ defined as:

$\forall x \in \R: \map {p_X} x = \begin{cases} \map \Pr {\set {\omega \in \Omega: \map X \omega = x} } & : x \in \Omega_X \\ 0 & : x \notin \Omega_X \end{cases}$

where $\Omega_X$ is defined as $\Img X$, the image of $X$.

That is, $\map {p_X} x$ is the probability that the discrete random variable $X$ takes the value $x$.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $\map {p_X} x$ is \map {p_X} x .

### Power (Physics)

$P$ or $p$

The usual symbols used to denote power are $P$ or $p$.

The $\LaTeX$ code for $P$ is P .

The $\LaTeX$ code for $p$ is p .

### Pascal

$\mathrm {Pa}$

The symbol for the pascal is $\mathrm {Pa}$.

Its $\LaTeX$ code is \mathrm {Pa} .

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