# Definition:Cartesian Product/Cartesian Space/Family of Sets

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## Definition

Let $I$ be an indexing set.

Let $\family {S_i}_{i \mathop \in I}$ be a family of sets indexed by $I$.

Let $\ds \prod_{i \mathop \in I} S_i$ be the Cartesian product of $\family {S_i}_{i \mathop \in I}$.

Let $S$ be a set such that:

- $\forall i \in I: S_i = S$

### Definition 1

The **Cartesian space of $S$ indexed by $I$** is the set of all families $\family {s_i}_{i \mathop \in I}$ with $s_i \in S$ for each $i \in I$:

- $S_I := \ds \prod_I S = \set {\family {s_i}_{i \mathop \in I}: s_i \in S}$

### Definition 2

The **Cartesian space of $S$ indexed by $I$** is defined and denoted as:

- $\ds S^I := \set {f: \paren {f: I \to S} \land \paren {\forall i \in I: \paren {\map f i \in S} } }$

## Also known as

It is reported that some sources give this as the **Cartesian $I$-space of $S$**.

On $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$ it is generally referred to as an **indexed Cartesian space**.

## Examples

### Singleton Index

Let $X$ be a set.

Then the indexed Cartesian space $X^{\set 1}$ is defined as:

- $X^{\set 1} = \set 1 \times X$

## Sources

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- 1975: T.S. Blyth:
*Set Theory and Abstract Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 6$. Indexed families; partitions; equivalence relations - 2000: James R. Munkres:
*Topology*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $1$: Set Theory and Logic: $\S 5$: Cartesian Products