Definition:Kernel (Category Theory)/Definition 2
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Let $\mathbf C$ be a category.
Let $A$ and $B$ be objects of $\mathbf C$.
Let $f: A \to B $ be a morphism in $\mathbf C$.
Let $\mathbf C$ have a zero object $0$.
A kernel of $f$ is a morphism $\ker(f) \to A$, which is an equalizer of $f$ and the zero morphism $0: A \to B$.
Since the kernel is defined by a universal property it is only unique up to unique isomorphism.
While for example in group theory the kernel of a group homomorphism $f : G \to H$ is a subset of $G$, not all categorical kernels of $f$ in the category of groups are subsets of $G$.