# Left Operation has no Left Identities

Jump to navigation
Jump to search

## Theorem

Let $S$ be a set with more than $1$ element.

Let $\struct {S, \gets}$ be an algebraic structure in which the operation $\gets$ is the left operation.

Then $\struct {S, \gets}$ has no left identities.

## Proof

From Element under Left Operation is Right Identity, every element of $\struct {S, \gets}$ is a right identity.

Because there are at least $2$ elements in $\struct {S, \gets}$, it follows that $\struct {S, \gets}$ has more than one right identity.

From More than one Right Identity then no Left Identity, it follows that $\struct {S, \gets}$ has no left identity.

$\blacksquare$

## Also see

## Sources

- 1965: Seth Warner:
*Modern Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $\text I$: Algebraic Structures: $\S 4$: Neutral Elements and Inverses: Exercise $4.3 \ \text{(b)}$