Real Number Line with Point Removed is Not Path-Connected

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Let $\R$ be the real number line considered as an Euclidean space.

Let $x \in \R$ be a real number.

Then $\R \setminus \set x$, where $\setminus$ denotes set difference, is not path-connected.


We have that $x - 1$ and $x + 1$ are both real numbers, so:

$x - 1 \in \R \setminus \set x$
$x + 1 \in \R \setminus \set x$

Let $\mathbb I := \closedint 0 1$ be the closed unit interval.

Suppose there exists a path $f: \mathbb I \to \R \setminus \set x$ from $x - 1$ to $x + 1$.

Then by Image of Interval by Continuous Function is Interval, it follows that $x = \map f x$ for some $s \in \mathbb I$.

But $x \notin \R \setminus \set x$ by definition of set difference.

Hence such an $f$ can not exist.

The result follows by definition of path-connected.