## Theorem

$p \iff \bot \dashv \vdash \neg p$

## Proof by Natural Deduction

By the tableau method of natural deduction:

$p \iff \bot \vdash \neg p$
Line Pool Formula Rule Depends upon Notes
1 1 $p \iff \bot$ Premise (None)
2 1 $p \implies \bot$ Biconditional Elimination: $\iff \EE_1$ 1
3 1 $\neg p$ Sequent Introduction 2 Contradictory Consequent

$\Box$

By the tableau method of natural deduction:

$\neg p \vdash p \iff \bot$
Line Pool Formula Rule Depends upon Notes
1 1 $\neg p$ Assumption (None)
2 1 $p \implies \bot$ Sequent Introduction 1 Contradictory Consequent
3 $\top$ Rule of Top-Introduction: $\top \II$ (None)
4 $\bot \implies p$ Sequent Introduction 3 Contradictory Antecedent
5 1 $p \iff \bot$ Biconditional Introduction: $\iff \II$ 2, 4

$\blacksquare$

## Proof by Truth Table

We apply the Method of Truth Tables to the proposition.

As can be seen by inspection, in each case, the truth values in the appropriate columns match for all boolean interpretations.

$\begin{array}{|c|ccc||cc|} \hline p & p & \iff & \bot & \neg & p \\ \hline F & F & T & F & T & F \\ T & T & F & F & F & T \\ \hline \end{array}$

$\blacksquare$