# Definition:Ordered Tuple/Definition 1

## Definition

Let $n \in \N$ be a natural number.

Let $\N^*_n$ be the first $n$ non-zero natural numbers:

- $\N^*_n := \set {1, 2, \ldots, n}$

An **ordered tuple (of length $n$)** is a finite sequence whose domain is $\N^*_n$.

## Term of Ordered Tuple

Let $\sequence {a_k}_{k \mathop \in \N^*_n}$ be an ordered tuple.

The ordered pair $\tuple {k, a_k}$ is called the **$k$th term** of the ordered tuple for each $k \in \N^*_n$.

## Also known as

Some sources refer to an **ordered tuple** as a **tuple**.

The term **ordered $n$-tuple** can sometimes be seen, particularly for specific instances of $n$.

Instead of writing **2-tuple**, **3-tuple** and **4-tuple**, the terms **couple**, **triple** and **quadruple** are usually used.

In the context of abstract algebra, the concept is encountered as **(associative) word**.

It is noted that an **ordered tuple** is in fact a one-dimensional array.

## Notation

Notation for an ordered tuple varies throughout the literature.

There are also specialised instances of an ordered tuple where the convention is to use angle brackets.

However, it is common for an ordered tuple to be denoted:

- $\tuple {a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n}$

extending the notation for an ordered pair.

For example: $\tuple {6, 3, 3}$ is the ordered triple $f$ defined as:

- $\map f 1 = 6, \map f 2 = 3, \map f 3 = 3$

The notation:

- $\sequence {a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n}$

is recommended when use of round brackets would be ambiguous.

Other notations which may be encountered are:

- $\sqbrk {a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n}$
- $\set {a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n}$

but both of these are strongly discouraged: the square bracket format because there are rendering problems on this site, the latter because it is too easily confused with set notation.

In order to further streamline notation, it is common to use the more compact $\sequence {a_n}$ for $\sequence {a_k}_{1 \mathop \le k \mathop \le n}$.

Some sources, particularly in such fields as communication theory, where the elements of the domain of the ordered tuple is a specific set of symbols, use the notation $x_1 x_2 \cdots x_n$ for $\tuple {x_1, x_2, \dotsc, x_n}$.

## Also see

## Sources

- 1965: Seth Warner:
*Modern Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $\text {III}$: The Natural Numbers: $\S 18$: Induced $N$-ary Operations - 1966: Richard A. Dean:
*Elements of Abstract Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 0.4$ - 1971: Gaisi Takeuti and Wilson M. Zaring:
*Introduction to Axiomatic Set Theory*: $\S 5.4$ - 1982: P.M. Cohn:
*Algebra Volume 1*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $1$: Sets and mappings: $\S 1.2$: Sets - 1996: H. Jerome Keisler and Joel Robbin:
*Mathematical Logic and Computability*... (previous) ... (next): Appendix $\text{A}.10$: Finite Sequences - 2000: James R. Munkres:
*Topology*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $1$: Set Theory and Logic: $\S 5$: Cartesian Products - 2012: M. Ben-Ari:
*Mathematical Logic for Computer Science*(3rd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Appendix $\text{A}.3$: Definition $\text{A}.15$