If Set Exists then Empty Set Exists

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If at least one set exists, then there exists an empty set.



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Let $S$ be a set.

By the axiom of class comprehension, there is an empty class:

$\O = \set { x : x \ne x }$

Since $x \in \O$ is never true, it follows vacuously that:

$x \in \O \implies x \in S$

By the subclass definition:

$\O \subseteq S$

By Subclass of Set is Set, $\O$ is a set.