Definition:Column Matrix

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A column matrix is an $m \times 1$ matrix:

$\mathbf C = \begin {bmatrix} c_{1 1} \\ c_{2 1} \\ \vdots \\ c_{m 1} \end {bmatrix}$

That is, it is a matrix with only one column.

Row Presentation

When presenting a column matrix on the printed page, the decision is often made to save space by presenting it horizontally instead of vertically.

However, it is not then straightforward to recognise that a column matrix, and not a row matrix, is meant.

Hence, in order to alleviate the confusion, braces are often used as delimiters for such a presentation.

Thus the column matrix $\mathbf C$ above would then be presented as:

$\mathbf C = \set {\begin {matrix} c_{1 1} &c_{2 1} & \cdots & c_{m 1} \end {matrix} }$

Also known as

If such a matrix is an element of a vector space, it is also called a column vector.

Also see