Definition:Divisor of Polynomial

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Let $D$ be an integral domain.

Let $D \sqbrk x$ be the polynomial ring in one variable over $D$.

Let $f, g \in D \sqbrk x$ be polynomials.


$f$ divides $g$
$f$ is a divisor of $g$
$f$ is a factor of $g$
$g$ is divisible by $f$

if and only if:

$\exists h \in D \sqbrk x : g = f h$

This is denoted:

$f \divides g$


The conventional notation for $x$ is a divisor of $y$ is "$x \mid y$", but there is a growing trend to follow the notation "$x \divides y$", as espoused by Knuth etc.

From Ronald L. GrahamDonald E. Knuth and Oren Patashnik: Concrete Mathematics: A Foundation for Computer Science (2nd ed.):

The notation '$m \mid n$' is actually much more common than '$m \divides n$' in current mathematics literature. But vertical lines are overused -- for absolute values, set delimiters, conditional probabilities, etc. -- and backward slashes are underused. Moreover, '$m \divides n$' gives an impression that $m$ is the denominator of an implied ratio. So we shall boldly let our divisibility symbol lean leftward.

An unfortunate unwelcome side-effect of this notational convention is that to indicate non-divisibility, the conventional technique of implementing $/$ through the notation looks awkward with $\divides$, so $\not \! \backslash$ is eschewed in favour of $\nmid$.

Some sources use $\ \vert \mkern -10mu {\raise 3pt -} \ $ or similar to denote non-divisibility.

Also see